A stock exchange or stock market is the physical or virtual place where the issuing and trading of shares takes place. The stock market is one of the most important components of an economy, as it provides companies with capital in exchange for giving investors partial ownership of the firm. Stock markets can be split into two … Continue reading What is a stock exchange?
In the 1980s, Michael Milken was known in Wall Street as the "The Junk Bond King". A junk bond, also called a high-yield bond, is a corporate debt instrument that has a high probability of default, but provides a potential high rate of return. Milken, who worked at investment bank Drexel Burnham Lambert, was by far … Continue reading The collapse of Drexel Burnham Lambert: a story of insider trading and greed
The Securities and Exchange Commission, better known as SEC, is a US independent, federal government agency responsible for protecting investors and maintaining fair and orderly functioning of securities markets. Created in 1934 with the Securities Exchange Act, after the Great Depression started in 1929, as the first federal regulator of financial markets in the United States, … Continue reading What is the Securities and Exchange Commission?
A hedge fund is an alternative investment vehicle that employs numerous different strategies in order to achieve a positive return, called "alpha", for its investors. These kind of funds are actively managed and they usually make use of derivatives and high leverage with the goal of enhancing profits from trades. Hedge funds are generally only accessible … Continue reading What is a hedge fund?
A Ponzi scheme is a fraudulent investing system promising high rates of return with little risk to investors. In brief, a Ponzi scheme generates returns for older investors by acquiring new investors. In this, a Ponzi scheme is similar to a pyramid scheme, since both are based on using new investors' funds to pay the earlier ones. Companies that engage … Continue reading What is a Ponzi scheme?
After the Great Depression, started with the famous stock market crash of 1929, American people became so afraid of losing again all their saving that they left the markets, being replaced by institutional investors, such as insurance companies, pension funds, hedge funds, mutual funds and commercial banks. Moreover, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), created … Continue reading Black Monday: the stock market crash of 1987
Bernard Lawrence "Bernie" Madoff (1938-alive), usually simply known as Bernard Madoff, is an American fraudster and a former hedge fund manager and financier. He is famous for being the author of the greatest financial fraud of all times, the so-called Madoff Investment Scandal, happened in 2008 at the peak of the Great Recession. In the past, … Continue reading Bernard Madoff